读写4-沈丛-B3U6Quiz2
短对话5题,总分值:10分
Directions: In this section, you'll hear some short conversations. At the end of each conversation, one question will be asked. Both the conversation and the question will be spoken only once. After each question, choose the best answer from the four choices marked A, B, C, and D.
1)

参考答案:

1) A

解析:

(无)

听力文本:

M: They had her thesis later than she had expected. There is a change in the flight schedule. So we’ll have to get to the airport at 7’clock in the morning instead of 4 o’clock in the afternoon. Does John know anything about this change?

W: He was here just now and I noticed that he had a new schedule.

Q: What can we learn about John from the conversation?

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2)

参考答案:

2) C

解析:

(无)

听力文本:

M: I was shocked when I heard you’d finished your master’s thesis a whole month early. Just a month ago you were still complaining about the insufficient materials.

W: As a matter of fact, how I managed to do it is still a mystery to me.

Q: What does the woman mean?

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3)

参考答案:

3) A

解析:

(无)

听力文本:

W: How did the job interview go? I think you’ll make a good journalist. I remember you were always the best writer in our class.

M: Well, in fact, my application was turned down. They were looking for people with experience in the profession.

Q: What can be inferred from the interview?

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4)

参考答案:

4) A

解析:

(无)

听力文本:

M: Haven’t seen you for a long time. I hear from a friend that you found a job at last. I remember you dreamed of being a teacher.

W: Yeah, but sometimes you have to face the reality. So, eventually, I accepted the job as a sales assistant.

Q: What did the woman want to do?

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5)

参考答案:

5) D

解析:

(无)

听力文本:

W: Hi, Richard. I was surprised to see you in the class on English grammar yesterday. Are you also majoring in English?

M: No, I’m not. But as a major of business management, I can use this to fulfill the requirement in business English.

Q: Why did the man attend the class on English grammar?

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长对话4题,总分值:8分
Directions: In this section, you'll hear some long conversations. At the end of each conversation, some questions will be asked. Both the conversation and the questions will be spoken only once. After each question, choose the best answer from the four choices marked A, B, C, and D.
6)

7)

8)

9)

参考答案:

6) D      7) A      8) B      9) A

解析:

(无)

听力文本:

M: Hey sis. We haven’t talked since your move to California. What have you been up to?

W: Oh hi John! I’ve been working on our family tree.

M: Mom said you’ve been researching our family history.

W: Yes, I want to know where we come from.

M: Have you found any exciting scandals from our past?

W: No, no scandals… But as you know, our ancestors were from Ireland.

M: Yes, I know! Six generations ago, our ancestor Sean McDaniels moved here to the United States after the great potato famine in 1845, when a fungus killed over a third of the potato crop.

W: Oh wow, I’m impressed with your knowledge of history! Can you guess where our ancestors lived when they got to America?

M: The north east like many such immigrants – before spreading out across the country? Ha! I see, I didn’t sleep through as much class in high school as everyone thinks!

W: Haha! Anyway, Sean came over with his two brothers and one sister, Claire, spending their life’s savings on the journey. They did indeed live in the north east, in Boston, before moving south to Texas. There, Sean worked as a policeman, and Claire was a teacher.

M: What about the other two brothers?

W: I haven’t been able to find out much about them. Claire married though, and had a whole family branch in Colorado that I just found out about.

M: Maybe we can contact them and arrange a family reunion! I’d love to meet our long-lost relatives, to see how everyone’s doing.

W: That’s a great idea! I only wish our aunt Selma was still alive to meet everyone. Family was always so important to her, she would have loved this!

New words:

sis n. (非正式)姐姐;妹妹(常用于直接称呼)

Sean McDaniels 肖恩·麦丹尼(人名)

potato famine 马铃薯饥荒(爱尔兰大饥荒)

fungus n. 真菌

Claire 克莱尔(人名)

Boston 波士顿(美国马萨诸塞州首府)

Colorado 科罗拉多(美国西部的州)

Selma 塞尔玛(人名)


What has the woman been doing recently according to the conversation?

Where were their ancestors from on the basis of the woman’s research?

What caused their ancestors to immigrate to the States generations ago?

What do they plan to do at the end of the conversation?

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长文章4题,总分值:8分
Directions: In this section, you’ll hear some passages. At the end of each passage, you'll hear some questions. Both the passage and the questions will be spoken only once. After each question, choose the best answer from the four choices marked A, B, C, and D.
10)

11)

12)

13)

参考答案:

10) B      11) D      12) C      13) A

解析:

(无)

听力文本:

Snow may be beautiful, but it can be deadly. It is responsible for the deaths of hundreds of people in the United States every year. Many people die in traffic accidents on roads that are covered with snow or ice. Others die from being out in the cold, or from heart attacks caused by too much physical activity during snow removal.

You may not be able to avoid living in areas where it snows often. However, you can avoid becoming a victim of a snowstorm. Most people are told to stay in their homes until the storm has passed. When removing large amounts of snow, they should stop and rest often. Difficult physical activity during snow removal can cause a heart attack, especially among older adults.

It is always a good idea to keep a lot of supplies in the home, even before winter begins. These supplies include food, medicine, clean water and extra power supplies.

Some drivers have become trapped in their vehicles during a snowstorm. If this happens, people should remain in or near their car unless they see some kind of help. They should get out and clear space around the vehicle’s exhaust pipe to prevent the possibility of carbon monoxide poisoning.

Drivers should tie a bright-colored object to the top of their car to increase the chance of rescue. Inside the car, they should open a window a little for fresh air and turn on the engine for ten or fifteen minutes every hour for heat.

People living in areas where winter storms are likely should carry emergency supplies in their vehicle. These include food, emergency medical supplies and extra clothing to stay warm and dry. People in these areas should always be prepared for winter emergencies. Snow can be beautiful, but it can also be dangerous.

New words:

exhaust pipe 排气管

carbon monoxide 一氧化碳


What do we know about snow from the passage?

How can a person avoid becoming a victim of snowstorm according to the passage?

What should drivers do when they are trapped in their vehicles during a snowstorm?

What emergency supplies should people carry in their vehicles in case of a snowstorm?

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词汇与结构12题,总分值:24分
Directions: For each of the following sentences there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the best one to complete each sentence.

Robyn ________ the cars and forced herself to walk confidently up to the front door, despite the sinking feeling in her stomach.

参考答案:

14) A

解析:

(无)

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15)

The crew said they had survived on the upturned hull (船身), sleeping ________ in a compartment (隔间) the size of a double bed.

参考答案:

15) C

解析:

(无)

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16)

It is assumed that the interior of the cap was ________ soft leather.

参考答案:

16) D

解析:

(无)

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17)

These books are worth next to ________ to them if they do not want to read.

参考答案:

17) B

解析:

(无)

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18)

Residents remember all too well the floods of 2010 that caused ten billion dollars in damage and forced thousands to ________.

参考答案:

18) B

解析:

(无)

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19)

On a spring moonlit night, birds are singing, the air is ________ with the fragrance of flowers.

参考答案:

19) C

解析:

(无)

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20)

Beyond the realm of information technology, the accelerated pace of technological change in virtually every industry has created entirely new businesses, wiped out others, and produced a ________ demand for continuous innovation.

参考答案:

20) D

解析:

(无)

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21)

He was disliked because he did not like other people and people were ________ of his wealth.

参考答案:

21) C

解析:

(无)

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22)

A large amount of goods is piled up in the ________ at the train station.

参考答案:

22) B

解析:

(无)

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23)

Treating animals kindly does not mean that we must never ________ any pain on them.

参考答案:

23) D

解析:

(无)

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24)

She is so ________ that she believes everything he tells her.

参考答案:

24) C

解析:

(无)

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25)

The boy ________ easily when he spoke in front of others.

参考答案:

25) D

解析:

(无)

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完型填空20题,总分值:40分
Directions: There are some blanks in the following passage. For each blank there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. You should choose the ONE that best fits into the passage.

The world has spent on preparation for war more than $112 billion a year, roughly $450 per head for every man, woman, and child in the world. Let us 26) consider for a moment what could be done 27) with this sum of money if it were spent on peace and not on war. Some of it, at any 28) rate , in the more prosperous countries, could be spent on the reduction of taxation. The rest should be 29) deployed in ways that could bring 30) innumerable benefits to mankind and a solution 31) to the economic problem of change from war industry to the expansion of peace industries. 32) As to this expansion, let us begin with the most 33) elementary of all needs, namely, food. Today, the majority of mankind suffers from poor 34) nutrition , and in view of the population explosion, this situation could become truly 35) appalling in the coming decades. A very small part of what is now being spent upon 36) ammunition would improve this situation. For example, the American 37) surplus of grain, which were for many years uselessly destroyed, be spent in relief of famine. By irrigation, large region now desert could be 38) made fertile, and by improvement in transport distribution from regions of 39) excess to regions of scarcity could be improved.

Housing, even in the richest countries, is often 40) pervasively inadequate. This could be relieved by a tiny 41) fraction of what is being spent on missiles. Education everywhere, but 42) especially in the newly liberated countries of Africa and Asia, 43) demands expenditure many times as great as that 44) which it receives now. But it is not only greater expenditure that is needed in education. If the terror of war were 45) removed , science could be devoted to improving human welfare, instead of to the invention of increasingly expensive methods of mutual killing.

26)

27)

28)

29)

30)

31)

32)

33)

34)

35)

36)

37)

38)

39)

40)

41)

42)

43)

44)

45)

参考答案:

26) B      27) C      28) D      29) A      30) C      31) B      32) D      33) C      34) B      35) D      36) B      37) B      38) A      39) D      40) A      41) C      42) B      43) C      44) A      45) D

解析:

(无)
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阅读理解5题,总分值:10分
Directions: Read the following passages carefully. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished sentences. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C, and D. Choose the best answer to each question.

The standardized educational or psychological tests that are widely used to aid in selecting, classifying, assigning, or promoting students, employees, and military personnel have been the target of recent attacks in books, magazines, the daily press, and even in Congress.

The target is wrong, for in attacking the tests, critics divert attention from the fault that lies with ill-informed or incompetent users. The tests themselves are merely tools, with characteristics that can be measured with reasonable precision under specified conditions. Whether the results will be valuable, meaningless, or even misleading depends partly upon the tool itself but largely upon the user.

All informed predictions of future performance are based upon some knowledge of relevant past performance: school grades, research productivity, sales records, or whatever is appropriate. How well the predictions will be validated by later performance depends upon the amount, reliability, and appropriateness of the information used and on the skill and wisdom with which it is interpreted. Anyone who keeps careful score knows that the information available is always incomplete and that the predictions are always subject to error.

Standardized tests should be considered in this context. They provide a quick objective method of getting some kinds of information about what a person learned, the skills he has developed, or the kind of person he is. The information so obtained has the same advantages and shortcomings as other kinds of information. Whether to use tests, other kinds of information, or both in a particular situation depends, therefore, upon the evidence from experience concerning comparative validity (有效性) and upon such factors as cost and availability.

In general, the tests work most effectively when the qualities to be measured can be most precisely defined and least effectively when what is to be measured or predicated can not be well defined. Properly used, they provide a rapid means of getting comparable information about many people. Sometimes they identify students whose high potential has not been previously recognized, but there are many things they do not do. For example, they do not compensate for gross (严重的) social inequality, and thus do not tell how able an underprivileged youngster might have been had he grown up under more favorable circumstances.

46)

Why are the standardized tests criticized by so many people according to the passage?

47)

How do we evaluate informed predictions of future performance according to the passage?

48)

What does the passage say about standardized tests?

49)

Which of the following situation does a standardized test work most effectively?

50)

What in general is the author’s attitude toward standardized tests in this passage?

参考答案:

46) B      47) D      48) C      49) C      50) A

解析:

(无)
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