Every week we carry out around 15,000 rigorous tests on water samples.
I darted through the house with my new glass-cleaning cloth looking for more dirty surfaces to test it on.
It is noteworthy that old people may not always have a sense of choice about whether or not to go into residential care.
On this day 25 years ago, there was only one dot-com domain on the web.
He can portray himself to his board as a dynamic leader who makes the tough decisions needed to get things back on track.
It was rather like an immense balloon filled with foul air.
Even if there was a certain amount of personal intuition involved, these questions were real enough, especially with regard to the management skills of the company.
To see the prince and princess kiss on the balcony was a terrific expression of love.
9) D 10) D 11) B 12) D
W: Hey Mike! Want to come to a dance party this Saturday?
M: Not again Joyce, I don’t like dancing. You invite me to a different event 3 times a week. The pool party, the bowling trip, golfing, and now dancing!
W: Yes, I know. But you do need to come out eventually. You’ve been here at the University of Washington for two months now! What are you so busy doing all day?
M: I like to come home and play video games. I spend time with my friends online, I don’t need to waste more time meeting new people on campus.
W: I know you have friends from high school, but have you met anyone here on campus?
M: Well, I know two guys from chemistry class, Erick and Jack. Why do you even care?
W: I’m your dormitory assistant and it’s my job to get you out meeting people. More importantly, you need to make new friends here at the university…
M: Look Joyce, maybe if you did things I enjoy…
W: Alright! Deal! I’ll host a video game competition. The winner gets… Ummm—home-baked chocolate-chip cookies!
M: Home-baked chocolate-chip cookies, you say?
W: Plus Mike, you might also like to know that there are already 15 girls signed up for the dance and only five guys. That’s a pretty good ratio, right? Three girls for every guy?
M: Three girls!? Three girls to every one guy at the dance?
W: Yep! Plus your neighbors in the dorm next door, Emily, Miranda, and Carol, will be there.
M: Is Miranda the one with black hair?
W: Hah! I knew you had eyes for her. You have lots in common too. She’s a biology student and she’ll be taking chemistry next semester.
M: Alright! I’ll be there! And I’ll bring Erick and Jack too!
University of Washington 华盛顿大学
dormitory assistant 宿舍助理（负责组织各种活动以鼓励学生更好地融入大学生活）
Why did the woman ask the man out three times a week?
Why was the man unwilling to go to the dancing party?
What made the man change his mind?
How many guys would probably go to the dance party eventually according to the passage?
13) D 14) A 15) C 16) D
M: Hey neighbor! What are you doing this fine Saturday morning?
W: Relaxing on my porch with my dog, Rosco, iced tea in one hand, a good book in the other. What about you? You look a little… um…dirty…
M: I am covered in dirt. I just got back from planting flowers in the community garden.
W: What’s a community garden?
M: Really?! You haven’t seen our garden? It’s a big, beautiful garden, right behind our swimming pool downstairs. It’s shared by everyone in our apartment building.
W: Guess I’ve never noticed it before. To be honest, I’ve never been into gardening. My mom loved it—she’d spend her entire weekend up to her elbows in dirt, weeding and planting all spring. Personally, I can’t stand the insects. They drive me crazy!
M: That’s the best part of our garden! We grow beneficial flowers that get rid of annoying insects. We have special flowers all over the garden and the smell of the flowers drives away the damaging insects. That way, we don’t have to spray poison on the plants.
W: Wow, I like the sound of that. Still, while I think flowers are beautiful, I’d rather plant something I could get something out of, like fruit trees or berry bushes…
M: Haha, I know what you mean. That’s why we have a big area of the garden for growing fruits and vegetables. Imagine fresh, organic carrots, potatoes, tomatoes…
W: Well… hmmm… I do have been able to eat organic, locally grown fruit and vegetables… it’s healthier and way more delicious! Have you planted strawberries yet?
M: Not yet…
W: Well then I know what I’m doing next Saturday morning—joining you in the community garden, and planting some strawberry plants!
strawberry n. 草莓
What was the man doing on this Saturday morning?
How did the man get rid of the insects from the garden?
What do we know about the garden from the conversation?
What will the woman do next Saturday morning?
17) D 18) A 19) C 20) B
The family in Britain is changing. The once typical British family headed by two parents has undergone substantial changes during the twentieth century. In particular there has been a rise in the number of single-person households, which increased from 18 to 29 percent of all households between 1971 and 2002. By the year 2020, it is estimated that there will be more single people than married people. Fifty years ago this would have been socially unacceptable in Britain.
In the past, people got married and stayed married. Divorce was very difficult, expensive and took a long time. Today, people’s views on marriage are changing. Many couples, mostly in their twenties or thirties, live together without getting married. Only about 60 percent of these couples will eventually get married.
In the past, people married before they had children, but now about 40 percent of children in Britain are born to unmarried parents. In 2000, around a quarter of unmarried people between the ages of 16 and 59 was living together in Great Britain. Before 1960 this was very rare. People are generally getting married at a later age now and many women do not want to have children immediately. They prefer to concentrate on their jobs and put off having babies until their late thirties. The number of single-parent families is increasing. This is mainly due to more marriages ending in divorce, but some women are also choosing to have children as a single parent without being married.
What is the major change in the British family now?
Why do more and more people in Britain prefer not getting married?
What percentage of children are born to unmarried parents in Britain now?
Why are many women unwilling to have children immediately after getting married?
21) B 22) B 23) A 24) C
It’s an ordinary day. You may be entirely relaxed, settling down to watch some TV. Suddenly you begin to feel scared. Everything around you is becoming unreal. Your heart is racing, your head spinning, your hands shaking. An overwhelming sense of despair and pain hits you like a wave. What on earth is going on?
If you have ever had an experience like this, it’s possible that you were having a “panic attack”. Some people experience panic attacks in tense situations, such as before giving a speech. For others it comes completely unexpectedly. But a panic attack is a very real condition, and not at all the same thing as just getting upset and confused. So what causes it?
Panic attacks begin in the oldest parts of our brain. Before we had evolved rational thought, we still needed to be able to survive in the world. The ability to either fight or flee from a dangerous situation is perhaps the most basic behavior required of any animal.
Panic attacks occur when the body systems responsible for dealing with dangerous situations kick in at the wrong time. There is no danger in relaxing on your couch, and no real danger in giving a speech. But in some people, the “fight or flight” responses can be provoked accidentally. Heart rate increases, breathing becomes shallow, and adrenaline shoots to your arms. These are useful responses to have, if you really are in danger. For people who experience a panic attack, though, they can be both confusing and terrifying.
Several different therapies now exist for panic attacks, ranging from a set of anti-anxiety medicines to behavior modification. So take heart—there’s no need to panic.
When are people likely to experience a “panic attack” according to the speaker?
What basic ability do we have to survive a dangerous situation?
Why do panic attacks occur while no real danger exists?
How could one deal with a “panic attack” according to the speaker?
A woman teacher can know you from the inside; you cannot hide from her so easily, or ________ her attention.
Her ________ was rarely wrong where such things were concerned, but there was always the off chance.
This allows the engineers to ________ every possible situation in order to test the system.
We just go on in our habitual ways until we are stopped short by one of the many illnesses that ________ our civilization today.
Just thinking about all the ________ I received about my dramatic weight loss, and the proud way my husband looked when we went out in public, made me feel that what I had done was worthwhile.
Then you do believe in God, but you guess that I do not, and you fear that the admission of your true belief would ________ your chance of employment.
Mrs. Cummins, very ________ in her duties, watched the whole process with a sensitive eye.
Look, we’re about to ________ the last and final stage of our academic careers together.
One reason that I may be the last person in Manhattan without a cell phone is that I ________ the excitement of coming home and finding a call light flashing.
At the time, I could not stand my________ schedule and I would always be envious of my friends who enjoyed the luxury of sleeping in.
You’re making a PowerPoint presentation to a group of professors, for which you have stayed overnight. Even though you are
, you try really hard to pretend to be confident on the site. All of a sudden, however, your mind goes
, for one of the professors shoots a glance at you, and he whispers something to another professor beside him. All kinds of questions
your mind at the same time. Did I say something wrong? Am I making a bad impression? Such uncomfortable feelings start to
If you once found yourself trapped in this nightmare situation, you fit the
model of a shy person. Shy people, as many experts define in their studies, usually fall
to what is simply a careless glance or a meaningless gesture. What’s more, because of their low self judgment rooted deeply in their mind, they often cannot take friendly comments like “If you are not so
, you’ll make a better performance.” But being shy doesn’t necessarily mean being lacking in ability or competence. Rather, many shy people are capable professionals. And what
between a successful communicator and a shy sharer is just that the latter needs to build up his self-confidence.
Despite their 43) fragility and the terrible situations shy people are usually involved in, there’s definitely hope for them. According to experts, 40 percent of the shy population can finally 44) overcome shyness if given enough encouragement and support.
- A. vacant
- B. afflict
- C. occupy
- D. deprive
- E. gracious
- F. distinguishes
- G. conscientious
- H. manifest
- I. fragility
- J. overcome
- K. typical
- L. rigorous
- M. uneasy
- N. intuition
- O. victim
35) conscientious 36) vacant 37) occupy 38) afflict 39) typical 40) victim 41) uneasy 42) distinguishes 43) fragility 44) overcome
A) Michael Jordan, American professional basketball player, is considered by many to be the greatest one in basketball history. The six feet six inches (198cm) shooting guard led the Chicago Bulls to six NBA championships. His widespread appeal to fans helped make basketball one of the world’s most popular spectator sports.
B) Michael Jordan was born in Brooklyn, New York, the fourth of five children. Before his basketball skills emerged, young Michael liked to play baseball with his father. When Jordan attended Laney High School, at first he failed to make the varsity (校队) basketball team. The school’s basketball coach decided that Jordan could improve his skills with more playing time on the junior varsity team. As a sophomore on the junior varsity, Jordan averaged about 20 points per game.
C) During this early period in his career, Jordan’s brother Larry contributed much to his development as a player. Although Larry was only five feet seven inches (170cm) tall, he regularly beat Michael in one-on-one games and taught Michael about the importance of competition. By the time high school started the next fall, Jordan had grown to six feet three inches (191cm) and was confident he would make the varsity squad.
D) As a high school junior, Jordan did make the Laney varsity and was a valuable member of the squad. He then attended the nationally renowned Five-Star Basketball Camp during the summer before his senior season. Before graduating from the high school, Jordan met legendary University of North Carolina (UNC) coach, Dean Smith, who began recruiting Jordan for college. In November 1980 Jordan signed a letter of intent to attend UNC. Before the start of his professional career, Jordan played on the United States national team at the 1984 Olympic Games in Los Angeles, California. He served as captain of the talented amateur squad.
E) The Chicago Bulls selected Jordan in the 1984 NBA draft (选秀) as the third overall pick. During his rookie year, Jordan led the team in points (28.2), rebounds (6.5), assists (5.9), and steals (2.4) per game. His performance earned him the Rookie of the Year Award, a spot on the All-Star team, and a place on the all-rookie team, but Chicago lost in the first round of the playoffs. The pattern of spectacular individual performances but disappointing playoff losses was repeated over Jordan’s next five seasons. He astounded fans and players alike with his play, but the Bulls were obstructed in the play-offs. One problem was that Jordan sometimes played at a level so above his teammates that the Bulls failed to function as a team.
F) The following season, Jordan continued his scoring feats and ended the season with 3,041 points and 37.1 points per game average, becoming only the second player after Wilt Chamberlain to score more than 3,000 points in a single season. The totals also earned Jordan the first of seven consecutive scoring titles.
G) Jordan’s status as an NBA superstar was cemented when he won the slam-dunk (扣篮) contest during the 1988 All-Star Game. His leap from the free-throw line for a dunk elevated his popularity beyond the expectations of the league. Jordan also boosted the popularity of the Nike shoe company and other sponsors with his sincere, plainspoken endorsements. Jordan’s appeal as a basketball player and spokesperson was especially strong among children and teenagers. Jordan’s Nike basketball shoes and T-shirts with his number (23) became popular. Many advertisements focused on Jordan’s determination to succeed and encouraged kids to “be like Mike”.
H) Before the start of the 1989-90 season, the Bulls’ assistant coach Phil Jackson was promoted to the head coaching position. Jackson introduced the so-called triangle offense, which allowed Jordan to use his incredible offensive talents while also involving his teammates. The triangle offense focused on passing and balancing the players across the floor. This strategy meant that the Bulls could still benefit from Jordan’s play-making skills, but at the same time it encouraged his teammates to play aggressively as well.
I) As he grew older, Jordan made a concerted effort to help his teammates reach their own potential. The result of his renewed commitment to team-oriented play was the Bulls’ first NBA championship title. After the 1990-91 season the Bulls swept the Pistons in the Eastern Conference Finals and then defeated the Los Angeles Lakers in the NBA Finals. Jordan won the League MVP Award for the second time and was named MVP of the championship series. In 1992 professional players were allowed to compete in Olympic basketball, and Jordan starred on the US national team, known as the Dream Team, that dominated the Summer Games in Barcelona, Spain. He teamed with other top-level players from the NBA to win the gold medal.
J) On the eve of the 1993-94 season, Jordan shocked the sports world by announcing his retirement from basketball, stating that he had lost his desire to play the sport. After three consecutive NBA titles with the Bulls, Jordan himself cited a lifelong dream to play baseball for his abrupt career change.
K) Jordan ended his retirement from professional basketball by rejoining the Bulls with 17 games left in the 1994-95 season. In 1995-96, Jordan returned to his preretirement form. He again wore uniform number 23, which had been retired in 1994, and he led his team to an NBA record 72-10 win-loss record during the regular season, and the Bulls went on to win their fourth championship in six years.
L) During the 1999-2000 season, Jordan returned to basketball again after his second retirement, when he became part-owner and president of basketball operations for the Washington Wizards. But the Wizards suffered through several miserable seasons and unsuccessful coaches, and Jordan grew frustrated watching the team lose. In September 2001 he announced his second comeback as a player.
M) During his first season back Jordan showed flashes of his former brilliance, spurring his team to a newly competitive level. By midseason, however, his knees hurt and Jordan decided to have surgery in February 2002. During the 2002-03 season Jordan played in every game and averaged 20 points per contest. However, Jordan retired for the third time at the end of the season. He did so with the highest scoring average (30.1 points per game) in NBA history.
N) Jordan was the driving force that kept basketball’s appeal fresh in the early 1990s. The Bulls’ domination of the NBA under Jordan’s leadership captured the imagination of many people, and his athletic skills, charisma (个人魅力), and competitive drive created new basketball fans as few other players have. Jordan’s popularity has spread well beyond scoring titles, championships, and other aspects of the NBA. He has become one of the most recognized individuals in the world. Jordan has been especially influential in the sportswear industry. Nike created a separate business unit known as the Jordan brand to market footwear and apparel that Jordan himself helped design.
Due to Michael Jordan’sinfluence in the sportswear industry, Nike established a separate business unit—the Jordan brand. N
On the day before the 1993-94 season started, Michael Jordan retired from the Chicago Bulls, hoping to play the professional baseball. J
Michael Jordan starred the Dream Team when it captured the first place in the Summer Olympic Games in 1992. I
During his second comeback, Michael Jordan got his knees seriously injured and had a surgical operation. M
Due to his brilliant performance, Michael Jordan came to win the scoring title for the first time. F
Michael Jordan failed to join the varsity basketball team in Laney High school. B
Michael Jordan’s brother helped him in developing basketball skills and the competitive sport spirit. C
Soon after his second retirement, Michael Jordan returned to become the president of basketball operations for the Washington Wizards. L
For the fourth time in history, Michael Jordan led the Chicago Bulls to another NBA championship in 1995-96 season. K
Although Michael Jordan performed exceptionally well, the teamwork, which was not so strong and effective, caused the failures of the Chicago Bulls’ play-offs. E
45) N 46) J 47) I 48) M 49) F 50) B 51) C 52) L 53) K 54) E
In 1976, Winkler wrote a
about the overwhelming reaction to the character he played on the popular television sitcom (情景喜剧),
. The show was at its peak, and Fonzie was its superstar. In fact, Americans related so strongly to the character that Winkler became apparently permanently part of the country’s broad, extended family. Three decades later, fans still greet the actor with Fonzie’s signature thumbs-up sign and a long, drawn out “Aaay!”
“All these years later, the warmth I am treated with is unbelievable, and it’s all over the world,” Winkler says. He no longer receives the 50,000 fan letters a year that he got during
’s original run, but they still come by the hundreds. And on the street, folks tend to have a common reaction. “They thank me for making them laugh for so long. They say, ‘I grew up with you,’ or ‘my children grew up with you,’ or, ‘we sat and watched it together’,” he says.
Winkler says his Fonzie days came back to him vividly as he read over his old
. Cast on his 28th birthday, the Yale-trained performer had been a struggling actor, dreaming of fame. The dream turned real very quickly. “We were hardly on the air when this thing started to snowball, going from zero to 60 in about three seconds,” Winkler recalls.
Today, Winkler gives speeches to college students about living their dreams, focusing on how to become a successful actor. “If you are determined, have a sense of humor and never take your eye off what it is you want, you can actually have it,” he says.
Winkler is also at work on his first children’s book, co-authoring with Lin Oliver. He was recently named executive producer of
and produces the show
on the Game Show Network. His next movie,
, based on a children’s book, is scheduled for release this winter. In October 2000, Winkler made his Broadway debut costarring with John Ritter in the show
The Dinner Party
But through it all, Winkler remains Fonzie. “I think he is the architect of my home, of my professional life, and of my good fortune in the world,” Winkler says. “He literally is the foundation for everything that was to come.”
Which of the following is NOT mentioned as fans’ reaction to Fonzie?
Which of the following influences him most according to the author?
Which of the following can be inferred from the passage?
What does the word “snowball” in Paragraph three most probably mean?
Which of the following is the author primarily concerned with in this passage?
55) C 56) B 57) A 58) B 59) B