Every week we carry out around 15,000 rigorous tests on water samples.
These problems will even more deeply afflict the other industries that depend on this technology.
It was rather like an immense balloon filled with foul air.
I darted through the house with my new glass-cleaning cloth looking for more dirty surfaces to test it on.
I think the U.S. Navy has a very exemplary record in terms of reactor safety.
He can portray himself to his board as a dynamic leader who makes the tough decisions needed to get things back on track.
On this day 25 years ago, there was only one dot-com domain on the web.
It is noteworthy that old people may not always have a sense of choice about whether or not to go into residential care.
9) D 10) D 11) B 12) D
W: Hey Mike! Want to come to a dance party this Saturday?
M: Not again Joyce, I don’t like dancing. You invite me to a different event 3 times a week. The pool party, the bowling trip, golfing, and now dancing!
W: Yes, I know. But you do need to come out eventually. You’ve been here at the University of Washington for two months now! What are you so busy doing all day?
M: I like to come home and play video games. I spend time with my friends online, I don’t need to waste more time meeting new people on campus.
W: I know you have friends from high school, but have you met anyone here on campus?
M: Well, I know two guys from chemistry class, Erick and Jack. Why do you even care?
W: I’m your dormitory assistant and it’s my job to get you out meeting people. More importantly, you need to make new friends here at the university…
M: Look Joyce, maybe if you did things I enjoy…
W: Alright! Deal! I’ll host a video game competition. The winner gets… Ummm—home-baked chocolate-chip cookies!
M: Home-baked chocolate-chip cookies, you say?
W: Plus Mike, you might also like to know that there are already 15 girls signed up for the dance and only five guys. That’s a pretty good ratio, right? Three girls for every guy?
M: Three girls!? Three girls to every one guy at the dance?
W: Yep! Plus your neighbors in the dorm next door, Emily, Miranda, and Carol, will be there.
M: Is Miranda the one with black hair?
W: Hah! I knew you had eyes for her. You have lots in common too. She’s a biology student and she’ll be taking chemistry next semester.
M: Alright! I’ll be there! And I’ll bring Erick and Jack too!
University of Washington 华盛顿大学
dormitory assistant 宿舍助理（负责组织各种活动以鼓励学生更好地融入大学生活）
Why did the woman ask the man out three times a week?
Why was the man unwilling to go to the dancing party?
What made the man change his mind?
How many guys would probably go to the dance party eventually according to the passage?
13) D 14) A 15) C 16) D
M: Hey neighbor! What are you doing this fine Saturday morning?
W: Relaxing on my porch with my dog, Rosco, iced tea in one hand, a good book in the other. What about you? You look a little… um…dirty…
M: I am covered in dirt. I just got back from planting flowers in the community garden.
W: What’s a community garden?
M: Really?! You haven’t seen our garden? It’s a big, beautiful garden, right behind our swimming pool downstairs. It’s shared by everyone in our apartment building.
W: Guess I’ve never noticed it before. To be honest, I’ve never been into gardening. My mom loved it—she’d spend her entire weekend up to her elbows in dirt, weeding and planting all spring. Personally, I can’t stand the insects. They drive me crazy!
M: That’s the best part of our garden! We grow beneficial flowers that get rid of annoying insects. We have special flowers all over the garden and the smell of the flowers drives away the damaging insects. That way, we don’t have to spray poison on the plants.
W: Wow, I like the sound of that. Still, while I think flowers are beautiful, I’d rather plant something I could get something out of, like fruit trees or berry bushes…
M: Haha, I know what you mean. That’s why we have a big area of the garden for growing fruits and vegetables. Imagine fresh, organic carrots, potatoes, tomatoes…
W: Well… hmmm… I do have been able to eat organic, locally grown fruit and vegetables… it’s healthier and way more delicious! Have you planted strawberries yet?
M: Not yet…
W: Well then I know what I’m doing next Saturday morning—joining you in the community garden, and planting some strawberry plants!
strawberry n. 草莓
What was the man doing on this Saturday morning?
How did the man get rid of the insects from the garden?
What do we know about the garden from the conversation?
What will the woman do next Saturday morning?
17) D 18) A 19) C 20) B
The family in Britain is changing. The once typical British family headed by two parents has undergone substantial changes during the twentieth century. In particular there has been a rise in the number of single-person households,
which increased from 18 to 29 percent of all households between 1971 and 2002. By the year 2020, it is estimated that there will be more single people than married people. Fifty years ago this would have been socially unacceptable
In the past, people got married and stayed married. Divorce was very difficult, expensive and took a long time. Today, people’s views on marriage are changing. Many couples, mostly in their twenties or thirties, live together without getting married. Only about 60 percent of these couples will eventually get married.
In the past, people married before they had children, but now about 40 percent of children in Britain are born to unmarried parents. In 2000, around a quarter of unmarried people between the ages of 16 and 59 was living together in Great Britain. Before 1960 this was very rare. People are generally getting married at a later age now and many women do not want to have children immediately. They prefer to concentrate on their jobs and put off having babies until their late thirties. The number of single-parent families is increasing. This is mainly due to more marriages ending in divorce, but some women are also choosing to have children as a single parent without being married.
What is the major change in the British family now?
Why do more and more people in Britain prefer not getting married?
What percentage of children are born to unmarried parents in Britain now?
Why are many women unwilling to have children immediately after getting married?
21) B 22) B 23) A 24) C
It’s an ordinary day. You may be entirely relaxed, settling down to watch some TV. Suddenly you begin to feel scared. Everything around you is becoming unreal. Your heart is racing, your head spinning, your hands shaking. An overwhelming
sense of despair and pain hits you like a wave. What on earth is going on?
If you have ever had an experience like this, it’s possible that you were having a “panic attack”. Some people experience panic attacks in tense situations, such as before giving a speech. For others it comes completely unexpectedly. But a panic attack is a very real condition, and not at all the same thing as just getting upset and confused. So what causes it?
Panic attacks begin in the oldest parts of our brain. Before we had evolved rational thought, we still needed to be able to survive in the world. The ability to either fight or flee from a dangerous situation is perhaps the most basic behavior required of any animal.
Panic attacks occur when the body systems responsible for dealing with dangerous situations kick in at the wrong time. There is no danger in relaxing on your couch, and no real danger in giving a speech. But in some people, the “fight or flight” responses can be provoked accidentally. Heart rate increases, breathing becomes shallow, and adrenaline shoots to your arms. These are useful responses to have, if you really are in danger. For people who experience a panic attack, though, they can be both confusing and terrifying.
Several different therapies now exist for panic attacks, ranging from a set of anti-anxiety medicines to behavior modification. So take heart—there’s no need to panic.
When are people likely to experience a “panic attack” according to the speaker?
What basic ability do we have to survive a dangerous situation?
Why do panic attacks occur while no real danger exists?
How could one deal with a “panic attack” according to the speaker?
News media worked overtime to ________ the country as open and “ready” for all nuclear discussions.
We provided information to site administrators about typical functions of ________ library programs.
Gemini (双子座) is an airy, intellectual sign, and your ever-active mind tends to ________ from one thought to another with dizzying speed.
We just go on in our habitual ways until we are stopped short by one of the many illnesses that ________ our civilization today.
At the time, I could not stand my________ schedule and I would always be envious of my friends who enjoyed the luxury of sleeping in.
Just thinking about all the ________ I received about my dramatic weight loss, and the proud way my husband looked when we went out in public, made me feel that what I had done was worthwhile.
The situation could quickly develop into a ________ disaster if the world does not start paying attention to the plight of these people.
Then you do believe in God, but you guess that I do not, and you fear that the admission of your true belief would ________ your chance of employment.
Mrs. Cummins, very ________ in her duties, watched the whole process with a sensitive eye.
Look, we’re about to ________ the last and final stage of our academic careers together.
You’re making a PowerPoint presentation to a group of professors, for which you have stayed overnight. Even though you are
, you try really hard to pretend to
be confident on the site. All of a sudden, however, your mind goes
, for one of the professors shoots a glance at you, and he whispers something to another professor
beside him. All kinds of questions
your mind at the same time. Did I say something wrong? Am I making a bad impression? Such uncomfortable feelings start to
If you once found yourself trapped in this nightmare situation, you fit the
model of a shy person. Shy people, as many experts define in their studies, usually fall
to what is simply a careless glance or a meaningless gesture. What’s more, because of their low self judgment rooted deeply in their mind, they often cannot take
friendly comments like “If you are not so
, you’ll make a better performance.” But being shy doesn’t necessarily mean being lacking in ability or competence. Rather,
many shy people are capable professionals. And what
between a successful communicator and a shy sharer is just that the latter needs to build up his self-confidence.
Despite their 43) fragility and the terrible situations shy people are usually involved in, there’s definitely hope for them. According to experts, 40 percent of the shy population can finally 44) overcome shyness if given enough encouragement and support.
- A. vacant
- B. afflict
- C. occupy
- D. deprive
- E. gracious
- F. distinguishes
- G. conscientious
- H. manifest
- I. fragility
- J. overcome
- K. typical
- L. rigorous
- M. uneasy
- N. intuition
- O. victim
35) conscientious 36) vacant 37) occupy 38) afflict 39) typical 40) victim 41) uneasy 42) distinguishes 43) fragility 44) overcome
Ludwig van Beethoven
A) Ludwig van Beethoven was a German composer of classical music, who lived predominantly in Vienna, Austria. Beethoven is widely regarded as one of history’s supreme composers who produced notable works even after he completely lost his hearing. He was one of the greatest figures in the transitional period between the Classical and Romantic eras in music. His reputation has inspired and in many cases intimidated (吓倒) composers, musicians, and audiences coming after him.
B) Beethoven’s first music teacher was his father, a musician at Bonn and an alcoholic who beat him and unsuccessfully attempted to exploit him as a child prodigy (天才) like Mozart. His mother died when he was 17, and for several
years he was responsible for raising his two younger brothers. Beethoven moved to Vienna in 1792, where he intended to study with Joseph Haydn. He quickly established a reputation as an excellent pianist, and more slowly, as
a composer. He settled into the career pattern he would follow for the remainder of his life.
C) Beethoven’s career as a composer is usually divided into early, middle, and late periods. In the early period, he is seen as emulating (模仿) his great predecessors Haydn and Mozart, at the same time exploring new directions and
gradually expanding the scope and ambition of his work. The middle period began shortly after Beethoven’s personal crisis centering around deafness. The period is noted for large-scale works expressing heroism and struggle;
these include many of the most famous works of classical music. Beethoven’s late period began around 1816 and lasted until he died in 1827. His works in the late period are greatly admired for and characterized by their intellectual
depth, intense and highly personal expression, and his experimentation with different forms.
D) Beethoven’s personal life was troubled. Around age 26, he started to lose his hearing, which led him to contemplate suicide. He was attracted to unattainable women, whom he idealized. Some scholars believe his period of low
productivity was caused by the depression resulting from Beethoven’s realization that he would never marry.
E) Beethoven quarreled often bitterly with his relatives and others; he frequently treated other people badly. He moved often and had strange personal habits, such as wearing filthy (肮脏的) clothing even as he washed compulsively
(强迫地). He often had financial troubles. Many listeners perceive an echo of Beethoven’s life in his music, which often depicts struggle followed by triumph. This description is often applied to Beethoven’s creation of masterpieces
in the face of his severe personal difficulties.
F) Beethoven was often in poor health, especially after his mid-20s, when he began to suffer from serious stomach pains. In 1826 his health took a drastic turn for the worse. His death the following year was attributed to a liver
disease, but modern research on a lock of Beethoven’s hair taken at the time of his death, and a few pieces of his skull show that lead poisoning could well have contributed to his ill-health and ultimately to his death. The
source of the lead poisoning may have been fish from the heavily polluted Danube River and lead compounds used to sweeten wines. It is unlikely that lead poisoning is the cause of his deafness, which several researchers think
is caused by an autoimmune disorder. The hair analysis did not detect mercury (水银), which was consistent with the view that Beethoven did not have syphilis (梅毒), the disease that was commonly treated with mercury compounds
at the time.
G) Beethoven is viewed as one of the most important transitional figures between the Classical and Romantic eras of musical history. As far as musical form is concerned, he built on the principles of sonata form and development
that he had inherited from Haydn and Mozart, but greatly extended them, writing longer and more ambitious movements.
H) But Beethoven also radically redefined the symphony, transforming it from the rigidly structured four-ordered-movements form of Haydn’s era to a fairly open-ended form that could sustain as many movements as necessary, and of
whatever form as necessary to give the work cohesion.
I) Beethoven was much taken by the ideals of the Enlightenment and by the growing Romanticism in Europe. He initially dedicated his Third Symphony to Napoleon in the belief that the general would sustain the democratic and republican
ideals of the French Revolution, but in 1804 he tore out the title page upon which he had written a dedication and renamed the symphony, as Napoleon’s imperial ambitions became clear.
J) Continuing controversy surrounding Beethoven is whether he was a Romantic or a Classical composer. As documented elsewhere, since the meanings of the word “Romantic” and the definition of the period “Romanticism” both vary by
discipline, Beethoven’s inclusion as a member of that movement or period must be looked at in context. If we consider the Romantic Movement as an aesthetic epoch in literature and the arts generally, Beethoven sits squarely
in the first half along with literary Romantics such as the German poet Goethe and the English poet Percy Shelley. He was also called a Romantic by contemporaries such as E.T.A. Hoffmann. He is often considered the composer
of the first song cycle and was influenced by Romantic folk idioms. He set dozens of such poems for voice, piano, and violin. If on the other hand we consider the context of musicology, where Romantic music is dated later,
the matter is one of considerably greater debate. For some experts, Beethoven is not a Romantic, and his being one is a myth; for others he stands as a transitional figure, or an immediate precursor (先驱) to Romanticism, the
inventor of the Romantic period; for others he is the prototypical Romantic composer, complete with myth of heroic genius and individuality.
K) The marker buoy(浮标) of Romanticism has been pushed back and forth several times by scholars, and it remains a subject of intense debate, in no small part because Beethoven is seen as a pioneering figure. To those for whom the
Enlightenment represents the basis of Modernity, he must therefore be a Classicist, while for those who see the romantic sensibility as a key to later aesthetics, he must be a Romantic.
L) Listening to Beethoven’s music yields another possible scholarly analysis: There is definitely an evolution in style from Beethoven’s earliest compositions to his later works. The young Beethoven can be seen toiling to conform to the aesthetic models of his contemporaries: He wants to write music that is acceptable in the society of his days. Later, there is much more iconoclasm (打破旧习) in his approach where a symphony had until then only been a purely instrumental genre (类型). This means the question changes from “Whether Beethoven was a Classicist or a Romantic?” to “When was the pivotal moment that Beethoven tilted from dominant Classicism to dominant Romanticism?” Most scholars seem to concur: The presentation of the Fifth and Sixth Symphonies in a single concert in 1808 is probably closest to that pivotal point.
Beethoven’s career falls into three periods, in the first of which he imitated the famous composers before him. C
Another aspect of Beethoven’s works for scholars to analyze is the evolution in his musical style in different periods. L
Some experts view Beethoven as a Classical or a Romantic composer, while others see him as a transitional figure between the two important eras of musical history. J
Beethoven’s music productivity was once comparatively low as a result of depression caused by his emotional problem. D
Beethoven brought about a significant change on the structure of symphony, especially on the number of its movements. H
Some researchers think Beethoven’s deafness resulted from a disease rather than lead poisoning. F
Beethoven, with odd behavior, couldn’t get along well with other people. E
Discouraged by Napoleon’s ambitions, Beethoven scratched the title of his Third Symphony out for a new name. I
After moving to Vienna, Beethoven was known quickly as an excellent pianist and slowly as a composer. B
In spite of the hearing loss, Beethoven produced many classical music masterpieces in the middle period of his career. C
45) C 46) L 47) J 48) D 49) H 50) F 51) E 52) I 53) B 54) C
A generation after Americans lost the habit of knowing who their space heroes really are, the Columbia astronauts were remembered Tuesday as awe-struck (肃然起敬的) youngsters who longed to “reach the stars”, and
as fun-loving but dedicated adults who never lost their sense of adventure. President Bush and first lady Laura Bush attended a 45-minute memorial ceremony at the Johnson Space Center.
The president and the chief of the astronaut corps helped bring the adventurous lives of the seven Columbia astronauts who died Saturday into focus for NASA employees and the nation. Navy Capt. Kent Rominger,
the astronaut corps chief, remembered the crew as a ''generous and caring bunch with a great sense of humor''.
Bush also eulogized each astronaut. He spoke on a breezy, clear day as thousands of space program workers stood around a tree-lined pond. The televised ceremony was also broadcast for workers at the Kennedy Space
Center in Florida. ''Their mission was almost complete, and we lost them so close to home,'' Bush said. ''Their loss was sudden and terrible. And for their families, the grief is heavy. Our nation shares in your sorrow and
your pride. And today we remember not only one moment of tragedy but seven lives of great purpose and achievement.'' Bush declared that the United States would continue its manned space program: ''This cause of exploration
and discovery is not an option we choose. It is a desire written in the human heart.''
Bush was accompanied to Houston on Air Force One with former senator John Glenn, the first American to orbit the Earth, and Neil Armstrong, the first man to set foot on the moon. The president arrived at the
ceremony walking hand-in-hand with the first lady. Afterward, they met privately with about 40 family members. A White House assistant said Bush spoke to each person. He made small talk with the children about school and offered
his regrets for meeting at such a tragic time. He told one widow, ‘‘you're a strong soul.'' He said to one father who lost a child, ‘‘we're so proud of you as a father. ''
The roar of NASA T-38 training jets that flew a ''missing man'' formation still echoed in the distance, as space agency workers leaving the ceremony said they had found comfort in the service.
What is the main topic of the passage?
Where was the ceremony in memory of the seven Columbia astronauts held?
Which of the following is NOT true according to the passage?
What does the word “eulogized” in Paragraph three most probably mean?
Which of the following can be concluded from the passage?
55) C 56) B 57) D 58) A 59) C